NF10WV - Quality of Service Setup Guide

NF10WV and Quality of Service (QoS)

The following Quality of Service (QoS) settings offer a basic setup example, setting up 2 devices connecting to an NF10WV router, one with the highest priority QoS priority data traffic and the other with the lowest priority QoS priority data traffic flow.  All other data packet traffic through the router assumes a default best effort setting.

Quality of Service refers to the reservation of bandwidth resources on the NF10WV  router to provide different priorities to different applications, users, or data flows, or to guarantee a certain level of performance to a data flow.

In this implementation Quality of Service employs DSCPDifferentiated Services Code Point – a computer networking architecture that specifies a simple, scalable and coarse-grained mechanism for classifying, managing network traffic.

This example guide sets up QoS with two devices (PC and laptop) connecting via ethernet cable to an NF10WV router. One device (PC) is assigned high priority traffic while the other device (laptop) is assigned a low priority. Before Quality of Service can be implemented the first step involves reserving an IP address for each device linking the MAC address of each device to each IP address.

Quality of Service (QoS) Setup: Part 1 Reserve IP addresses

It is necessary to reserve an IP address for a device that is connecting to the NF10WV router so that the QoS settings can manage each device and set data packet traffic priority by MAC and IP address.

LOGGING IN TO THE WEB INTERFACE

1. Open a web browser (such as Internet Explorer, Google Chrome or Firefox), type http://192.168.20.1 into the address bar and press enter.

2. At the login screen, type admin into both the Username and the Password fields and click Log In.

3. Click on the Advanced menu at the left  of the page and then click on LAN option.

4. Click the Add Entries button.

5. Enter the MAC address of the computer/device you are connecting to the router. The MAC address is a 12 character set of numbers and letters (A-F), with every 2 characters separated by a colon.

6. Enter the IP address of the computer/device. This is the local address in the range of 192.168.20.x where x = 2 to 254.

( There is a description of how to find the Mac Address  and IP Address at the end of this page)

7. Click the Apply/Save button.

8. Complete steps 4 through 7 for each device connected to the NF10W router.  Each entry will be listed in the Static IP Lease List as shown below.

Quality of Service (QoS) Setup: Part 2 QoS Configuration Settings

The following guide shows how to setup 2 devices to an NF10WV router, one with high priority QoS, one with low priority QoS.

9. Click on the Advanced menu at the left  of the page and then click on Quality of Service option.

10. Check the “Enable QoS” checkbox.

11. Select the Default DSCP Mark as default(000000).

12. Click the Apply/Save button.

High Priority QoS Queue Configuration

13. Click on the  Advanced Setup Menu at the left of page,  then click on Quality of Service option and then click on QoS Queue option.

14. Click  the Add Button

15. Enter a name of 15 characters or less to reflect the device will use high priority QoS – eg. PC1HighPriority

16. Set Enable to “Enable”.

17. Set the Interface (Australian customers use atm0(0_8_35), NZ customers use atm0(0_0_100), VDSL customer use PTM0).

18. Enter a Precedence. For the highest priority set it to 1. For the lowest priority use 3.

19. Set the DSL Latency as Path0.

20. Click the Apply/Save button.

Low Priority QoS Queue Configuration

21. Click on the  Advanced Setup Menu at the left of page,  then click on Quality of Service option  and then click on QoS Queue option.

 22. Click the Add button.

23. Enter a name of 15 characters or less to reflect the device will use  low priority QoS – eg. PC2LowPriority.

24. Set Enable to “Enable”.

25. Set the Interface( Australian customers use atm0(0_8_35), NZ customers use atm0(0_0_100), VDSL customer use PTM0 ).

26. Enter a Precedence. For the lowest priority set it to 3. For the highest priority use 1.

27. Set the DSL Latency as Path0.

28. Click the Apply/Save button.

High Priority QoS Classification

29. Click on the Advanced Setup menu, then click on  Quality of Service option and then click on QoS Classification option.

30. Click the Add buttom

 31. Enter a Traffic Class Name reflecting the High Priority QoS rule; eg. PC1HighPriority.

32. Leave the Rule Order as Last.

33. Set the Rule Status to Enable.

34. Set the Class Interface according to how the device connects to the router. In the example above LAN is selected.  Other options are Wireless, Local and USB.

35. Set the Ether Type to IP(0x800). Other options include ARP(0x8086), Ipv6(0x86DD), PPPoE_DISC(0x8863),  8865(0x8865), 8866(0x8866), 8021Q(0x8100).

36. Enter the Source MAC Address of the device, the unique 12 character signature with every 2 characters separated by a colon (:), that you previously entered to reserve the device's IP address.

37. Enter the Source IP Address of the device that you previously entered into the Static IP Lease List, in the range of 192.168.20.x In the example above the IP address is 192.168.20.5.

38. Enter a Destination MAC Address if the connection is to a single device. This is useful for VPN connections. If you wish the destination MAC address to be any address leave the field blank.

39. Enter a Destination IP Address if the connection is to a single device. This is useful for VPN connections. If you wish the destination IP address to be any address leave the field blank.

40. Enter a Destination Subnet Mask if you have entered a Destination MAC address and Destination IP address.  This would normally be 255.255.255.0 unless your system administrator advises otherwise.  If you have not entered a Destination MAC or IP address leave the field blank.

41. Set the Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) Check to EF(101110).

42. Set the Protocol to TCP. Other options include UDP, ICMP or IGMP.

43. Set “Specify Egress Interface” to (in the example above wl0 and for Specify Egress Queue to wl0&Key1&Pre1) for highest priority. Other options are wl0&Key2&Pre2 - wl0&Key8&Pre8.

44. Set Mark Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) as EF(101110).

45. Set Mark 802.1p Priority as 5. In the scale 0-7, 0 is best effort, 6 and 7 are reserved for networking  performance so set 5 as the highest priority.

46. Click the Apply/Save button.

Low Priority QoS Classification

47. Click on the Advanced Setup Menu at the left of page, then click on Quality of Service option and then click on QoS Classification option.


48. Click the
Add button.

49. Enter a Traffic Class Name reflecting the High Priority QoS rule; eg. PC2LowPriority.

50. Leave the Rule Order as Last.

51. Set the Rule Status to Enable.

52. Set the Class Interface according to how the device connects to the router. In the example above LAN is selected. Other options are Wireless, Local and USB.

53. Set the Ether Type to IP(0x800). Other options include ARP(0x8086), Ipv6(0x86DD), PPPoE_DISC(0x8863), 8865(0x8865), 8866(0x8866), 8021Q(0x8100).

54. Enter the Source MAC Address of the device, the unique 12 character signature with every 2 characters separated by a colon(:),  that you previously entered to reserve the device's IP address.

55. Enter the Source IP Address of the device that you previously entered into the Static IP Lease List, in the range of 192.168.20.x In the example above the IP address is 192.168.20.100.

56. Enter a Destination MAC Address if the connection is to a single device. This is useful for VPN connections. If you wish the destination MAC address to be any address leave the field blank.

57. Enter a Destination IP Address if the connection is to a single device.  This is useful for VPN connections. If you wish the destination IP address to be any address leave the field blank.

58. Enter a Destination Subnet Mask if you have entered a Destination MAC address and Destination IP address.  This would normally be 255.255.255.0 unless your system administrator advises otherwise.  If you have not entered a Destination MAC or IP address leave the field blank.

59. Set the Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) Check to AF11(001010).

60. Set the Protocol to TCP. Other options include UDP, ICMP or IGMP.

61. Set “Specify Egress Interface” to (in the example above wl0 and for Specify Egress Queue to wl0&Key3&Pre3)for lower priority. 

62.  Set Mark Differentiated Service Code Point (DSCP) as AF11(001010).

63. Set Mark 802.1p Priority as 0. In the scale 0-7, 0 is best effort, 6 and 7 are reserved for networking performance  so set 0 as the lowest priority.

64. Click the Apply/Save button.

65. You now have 2 Quality of Service rules implemented for 2 devices connecting to the NF10WV router.

66. Click on the Management menu, then click on Reboot option and then Click the Reboot button to restart the router and save the new settings.

67. To test your Quality of Service settings try running speed-tests ( http://speedtest.net) on both pcs/devices  simultaneously.

How to Find a Computer's MAC Address (Windows 7 and 8)

Option 1:

1) For windows 7 : Click the Start  at the bottom left of your screen, For Windows 8 : press Windows logo Icon and  R together

2) Type ncpa.cpl into the search box and press ENTER.

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3) Right-click your Local Area Connection and select Status.

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4) Click Details and the Physical Address is your MAC Address.

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Option 2:

1) For windows 7 : Click the Start  at the bottom left of your screen,  For Windows 8 : press Windows logo Icon and  R together

2). In the search box, type in cmd and press enter.

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3). In the command prompt, type in getmac (with no spaces) and push enter.

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